Research

Criteria
Research papers should adhere to the STROBE guidelines according to the study’s design.

International Journal for Equity in Health encourages authors of qualitative papers to use the RATS framework when preparing their manuscript for submission.


Preparing your manuscript
The information below details the section headings that you should include in your manuscript and what information should be within each section.

Please note that your manuscript must include a ‘Declarations’ section including all of the subheadings (please see below for more information).

Title page
The title page should:

present a title that includes, if appropriate, the study design e.g.:
“A versus B in the treatment of C: a randomized controlled trial”, “X is a risk factor for Y: a case control study”, “What is the impact of factor X on subject Y: A systematic review”
or for non-clinical or non-research studies a description of what the article reports
list the full names, institutional addresses and email addresses for all authors
if a collaboration group should be listed as an author, please list the Group name as an author. If you would like the names of the individual members of the Group to be searchable through their individual PubMed records, please include this information in the “Acknowledgements” section in accordance with the instructions below
indicate the corresponding author
Abstract
The Abstract should not exceed 350 words. Please minimize the use of abbreviations and do not cite references in the abstract. Reports of randomized controlled trials should follow the CONSORT extension for abstracts. The abstract must include the following separate sections:

Background: the context and purpose of the study
Methods: how the study was performed and statistical tests used
Results: the main findings
Conclusions: brief summary and potential implications
Trial registration: If your article reports the results of a health care intervention on human participants, it must be registered in an appropriate registry and the registration number and date of registration should be in stated in this section. If it was not registered prospectively (before enrollment of the first participant), you should include the words ‘retrospectively registered’. See our editorial policies for more information on trial registration
Keywords
Three to ten keywords representing the main content of the article.

Background
The Background section should explain the background to the study, its aims, a summary of the existing literature and why this study was necessary or its contribution to the field.

Methods
The methods section should include:

the aim, design and setting of the study
the characteristics of participants or description of materials
a clear description of all processes, interventions and comparisons. Generic drug names should generally be used. When proprietary brands are used in research, include the brand names in parentheses
the type of statistical analysis used, including a power calculation if appropriate
Results
This should include the findings of the study including, if appropriate, results of statistical analysis which must be included either in the text or as tables and figures.

Discussion
This section should discuss the implications of the findings in context of existing research and highlight limitations of the study.

Conclusions
This should state clearly the main conclusions and provide an explanation of the importance and relevance of the study reported.

List of abbreviations
If abbreviations are used in the text they should be defined in the text at first use, and a list of abbreviations should be provided.

Declarations
All manuscripts must contain the following sections under the heading ‘Declarations’:

Ethics approval and consent to participate
Consent for publication
Availability of data and material
Competing interests
Funding
Authors’ contributions
Acknowledgements
Authors’ information (optional)